Selecting the Right Dental Anesthetic

There are numerous studies that have been carried out to ascertain the level of genotoxicity in 14 different chemicals used by dentists. The findings allowed people to learn about the components of these chemicals. A group of dentists stated that it is common to find several dental practices, including sleep dentistry, using these chemical agents.

To keep things simple and not get into complex chemical formations, we will be looking at some basic facts. The chemicals that are most commonly used in dental procedures are local anesthetics, general anesthesia and sedation drugs. Provided with this information, patients will be able to educate themselves as well as their loved ones with the purpose of allowing them to make more informed decisions.

Different Types of Anesthetic


Lidocaine AnestheticOne of the most commonly used anesthetics today is called lidocaine (a modern replacement for procaine). This chemical can stay in the body for up to two hours and numb the pain felt during that time. Other chemicals used are articaine, bupivacaine and mepivacaine. By using any one of these chemicals, the patient remains calm during the procedure, thus allowing the dentist to operate without worrying about hurting them.

Nerve Block

Another common anesthetic is the nerve block. This is used to block the pain in the part of the mouth where the procedure will take place. Due to effectiveness and accessibility of this chemical agent, most dentists will use it with patients. However, it is important to note that there is ongoing research still being conducted to prove its safety.


Nerve Block DentistryLastly, there is the method of infiltration. This is a system where the chemical is applied to the root of the tooth before treatment is carried out. This method is rather effective in the treatment of minor procedures. Along with articaine, infiltration can be used for tooth extractions, implant replacements and grafting. It can also be used for periodontal surgeries.

It is crucial for the patient, knowing these basic facts that they still provide the dentist with as much medical information as possible during the first consultation. This way, the dentist can work with the patient in finding the right anesthetic for them, thus eliminating the potential for complications. It is also stressed that with like any other chemicals, patients do not self-medicate. No matter how much information they are provided this is to ensure their safety and well-being.

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